Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Director of the Center of Economic and Law Studies (Celios) Bhima Yudhistira believes the transition from using oil fuel to hydrogen fuel will be faster. Especially when compared to converting to electric vehicles.
He also gave examples of several countries in the world that have developed green hydrogen fuel. One of them is what is done in South Africa.
In this country, green hydrogen is one of the priorities in the energy transition through the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) scheme to decarbonize transportation, especially replacing fishermen’s diesel. Meanwhile in England, hydrogen fuel has been used to replace oil-fueled (BBM) cars.
“The progress of hydrogen is very fast, in fact the transition from petrol cars to hydrogen is thought to be more possible than electric vehicles,” Bhima told CNBC Indonesia, Thursday (23/11/2023).
Therefore, he is optimistic that the transition from using fuel oil to hydrogen will be more progressive than electric vehicles. One of the factors is because the electric vehicle battery supply chain still uses materials obtained from extractive mining.
“There are high levels of carbon emissions during the smelter process and the main source of electricity in Indonesia still uses coal. So automotive companies, especially Japanese manufacturers, are more interested in entering the hydrogen transition than electric vehicles,” he said.
As is known, PT PLN (Persero) has just inaugurated 21 units Green Hydrogen Plant (GHP) which is spread throughout Indonesia at PLTGU Tanjung Priok. Meanwhile, with these 21 GHP units, PLN is able to produce 199 tons of green hydrogen per year, from previously only 51 tons of hydrogen per year.
Main Director of PLN Indonesia Power, Edwin Nugraha Putra, explained that the results of the green hydrogen production, amounting to 75 tons per year, will be used for generator operational needs (cooling generator). Meanwhile, the other 124 tons can be used for various needs, one of which is for vehicles.
Therefore, PLN plans to make it in the future Hydrogen Refueling Station (HRS) or hydrogen filling station for hydrogen fueled cars.
“Now there are 21 units spread mainly in Java-Bali, there are 20 units, there is 1 unit in Sumatra which is ready and has been inaugurated for hydrogen system refueling which will later supply stations in several places, of course,” said he was on CNBC Indonesia’s Energy Corner program, Tuesday (21/11/2023).
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